Malassezia is a yeast that is part of the normal canine skin microbiota, so it is normally present on the skin of dogs and cats. In particular, Malassezia resides in wet areas such as:
• ear canal
• space between the fingers
• skin folds
• the genitals
• the armpits
This pathogen coexists with its host and in healthy animals it does not cause problems as long as the skin microbiota is in balance. When this situation of stability is compromised, the conditions for excessive growth become favorable and Malassezia proliferates.
When malassezia multiplies excessively, it can cause skin irritation and itching. Malassezia dermatitis is a common problem and can affect both dogs and cats, although it is more common in dogs and can affect dogs of all breeds, ages or sizes.
The symptoms of malassezia dermatitis can be different, however the most common are:
– intense itching, which pushes the animal to scratch, lick and even bite itself excessively. Therefore, secondary bacterial infections can occur in these subjects.
– Redness of the skin which may appear inflamed.
– Unpleasant odor (typical malassezia odor is a rancid odor)
– Earwax secretions (in the auricle, malassezia can cause intense itching and very abundant earwax secretions, dark in color and with an unpleasant odor)
– Hair loss
– Thickened skin (elephant skin)
– Hyperpigmentation (skin with dark pigmentation)
– Nail infection that occurs when malassezia activity affects the area between the toes.
Some breeds seem to be more affected, especially breeds for example with skin folds or long, pendulous ears (otitis complicated by malassezia often occur in these breeds).
The causes of malassezia dermatitis are not always clear. There are several factors that can contribute to its development such as:
1. Imbalance of the skin microbiota, which favors the excessive growth of malasezzia
2. Imbalance of the immune system can favor the development of the problem
3. Environmental conditions, humidity creates an ideal environment for the growth of this yeast (for example a warm-humid autumn climate)
4. Both food and environmental allergies
5. Inadequate animal hygiene, especially with overly aggressive products that lead to an imbalance in the skin microbiota
6. Underlying pathologies or medical conditions that can increase the risk of malassezia dermatitis
7. Prolonged use of drugs and antibiotics that alter the balance of the intestinal microbiota.
Only the vet who knows your pet will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and proceed with the appropriate and tailor-made treatment. The veterinary doctor will be able to establish the primary cause for the proliferation of this yeast and establish an adequate therapy which may include the use of antifungal drugs, antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, medicated shampoos etc…all the aids that can only be prescribed by the veterinarian doctor.
Since Malassezia is a yeast or commensal that lives on the skin of dogs and cats and proliferates when the immune defenses are reduced, there are ways to reduce the probability of the problem appearing.
First of all, healthy and correct nutrition plays a very important role, as well as adequate physical activity.
can help improve:
– skin health (CortiAdapt)
– of the immune system (MultiAdapt)
– restore the balance of the intestinal microbiota (LactoAdapt)
of your pet, and thus influence your dog/cat’s ability to fight malassezia dermatitis.
Nutrition is essential for the health of the animal. Suitable foods should be introduced through food: what is physiological for the animal’s body. These foods are broken down into micronutrients through the process of digestion where the food is digested into smaller molecules that the body can absorb and use. Digestion, in addition to being a very important process, is also a process that constantly occurs in the animal’s body. Good digestion is important: to nourish the cells with all the necessary […]
Pseudopregnancy, also known as false pregnancy, is a phenomenon that can occur in unsterilized bitches / cats. Pseudopregnancy is caused by hormonal fluctuations in diestrus, a phase of the estrous cycle in which there is a drop in progesterone concentration and an increase in prolactin concentration. In terms of days, the symptoms of false pregnancy in dogs usually appear between 7 and 10 weeks after estrus or after heat. During pseudopregnancy, the bitch may show symptoms similar to those of […]
In your pet’s intestine many metabolic processes take place which – finish the digestion (in the upper part of the intestine) – allow the reabsorption of nutrients and water. The digestive system performs very important tasks for the general preservation of the balance of the entire organism, which are obviously not limited only to the digestion of food. In fact, 3 main properties can be considered: – Digestion and absorption of food – Emuntorial capacity – Line of immune defense of the body. […]
CASCINA SANT'ULIANA SP 206, SNC
Frankopanska ulica 8 1000 Ljubljana
Miklošičeva cesta 38, 1101 Ljubljana
Cesta v Mestni log 55, 1102 Ljubljana
Stritarjeva ulica 26, 1230 Domžale
Via San Michele 18 04011 Aprilia (LT)
Maximilian Haller Straße 16/5 72488 Sigmaringen
05 BP 2150, ABIDJAN 05
Kleewiesenhof 1 54570 Betteldorf
Rua de Sedouros, 161 4580-201 Paredes
Zahradna 22/C Dunajska luzna 90042
Överbyn 235 834 98 Brunflo
47 Tombridge Crescent WF9 5HB West Yorkshire
Gospodska 26 10090 Zagreb
Via Moricone, 20 (P.zza Vescovio) 00199 Roma
Strada delle Cervare n.8 05021 Acquasparta
Vaxlaxintie 95 65380 Vaasa
Kleewiesenhof 1 54570 Betteldorf
PROLONGACION AVENIDA DEL MA. 7 03187, LOS MONTESINOS, ALICANT
Eleftherias Avenue,73 Aradippo 7102 Larnaca
VIA MORICONE, 20 00199 ROMA (RM)
Via San Esuperanzio, 62011 Cingoli, MC, Italija
Via Lecco 30, 20864 AGRATE BRIANZA (MB)
Via Vingone 152 50013 Campi Bisenzio (FI)
Via speranza 53b 21052 Busto Arsizio (VA)
via Falcone snc 63900 Fermo (FM)
Via Roma, 36, 20085 Locate di Triulzi MI, Italy
Pustiměřské Prusy 249, Pustiměř 68321
Via Novara 4e, 28010 Agrate Conturbia (NO)
Via Belgrado, 58022 Follonica GR
VICOLO SANT'AGOSTINO, 1/F-G, 18039 VENTIMIGLIA (IM)
Bulevardul Constantin Alexandru Rosetti, Iași 707317
VIA TOMMASO SALSA, 71, 31030 CARBONERA (TV)
Via Ceccaroni, 1, 62019 Recanati MC, Italia